HomeNewsBrazil's Lula courts U.K., U.S. to join Amazon rainforest protection fund

Brazil’s Lula courts U.K., U.S. to join Amazon rainforest protection fund

Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva is asking Britain, France, the United States and others to donate to an international fund to protect the Amazon rainforest, a bulwark against climate change, Lula advisers said on Tuesday.

Lula’s team has also approached Switzerland and Canada about contributing, the advisers said.

The Amazon Fund, started under leftist Lula’s first administration from 2003-2010, bankrolled conservation projects and counts Norway and Germany as its biggest donors.

Right-wing President Jair Bolsonaro froze the fund, citing unspecified spending irregularities among fund-backed projects run by nongovernmental organizations, without providing evidence. The fund already contains some 3 billion reais ($563.71 million) that has sat unspent for nearly 4 years.

Stopping deforestation in the Amazon, which absorbs vast amounts of planet-warming greenhouse gas, is part of Lula’s sweeping plan for Brazil to reclaim leadership on climate change measures. Bolsonaro prioritized economic development over environmental protection and appointed climate skeptics as ministers.

Marina Silva, a former environment minister and adviser on Lula’s transition team, said expanding the Amazon Fund would give Lula the resources to take immediate action to protect the environment when he takes office on Jan. 1.

Lula will be working with a 2023 budget that was passed under Bolsonaro and so contributing to the fund, “expanding the resources beyond what’s being done already by Norway and Germany, will be very useful for facing this difficult moment we will have,” Silva said.

She personally raised the issue with Britain, Canada, France, the United States and Switzerland while attending the COP27 U.N. climate summit in Egypt earlier in November.

The British embassy said its government was studying the invitation to join the Amazon Fund.

Izabella Teixeira, Lula’s former environment minister and current climate change adviser, told Reuters she had met with Norwegian and German officials on Monday about restarting the fund.

Norway’s Environment Minster Espen Barth Eide said at the U.N. gathering that he expected the fund to restart “very soon after the 1st of January.”

Teixeira confirmed that Britain, France and Switzerland had expressed interest in the fund.

The former minister said she had lunch with the British ambassador to Brazil and the head of the U.K. Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (Defra) about new cooperation, including on the Amazon Fund.

U.K. Prime Minister Rishi Sunak is expected to visit Brazil in the first half of 2023 to discuss potential cooperation before his country makes a final decision on joining the fund, she said.

The British embassy said its climate and environment ministers had been approached by Brazilian Senator Randolfe Rodrigues and Para state governor Helder Barbalho at the COP27 summit about donating to the fund. Both officials accompanied Lula during his visit to COP27.

The U.S. and Canadian embassies did not immediately respond to requests for comment. French and Swiss embassies declined to comment.

Deforestation soared to a 15-year high under Bolsonaro, who called for more farming and mining in the Amazon region.

Lula has pledged to eliminate deforestation by using every tool at his disposal, including more money and officials for enforcing environmental laws.

Deforestation in Brazil’s Amazon hits October record ahead of govt change

Deforestation in Brazil’s Amazon rainforest reached a record for October, data showed on Friday, with land-clearing in the region speeding up as the country undergoes a transition to a more conservation-friendly government.

Preliminary government satellite data collected by space research agency Inpe showed that 903.86 square kilometers (348.98 square miles) were cleared in the region last month, the highest for the period since tracking began in 2015 and up 3.1% year-on-year.

From January to October, 9,494 square kilometers were cleared, equal to an area more than 12 times the size of New York City and also a record for the period, exceeding the previous high set in 2019 by 12.7%.

Incoming leftist President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva has promised to curb deforestation in the Amazon by bolstering law enforcement.

He will take over on Jan. 1 from far-right incumbent Jair Bolsonaro, who rolled back environmental protections during his time in office.

Annual statistics released last year showed deforestation had already surged to a 15-year high under Bolsonaro.

His office and the Environment Ministry did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Mariana Napolitano, WWF-Brasil’s science manager, said she already expected deforestation to spike during the transition period, highlighting how fire alerts have rocketed since the election was declared in Lula’s favour on Oct. 30.

“Those who profit from illegality noticed there is still an opportunity window opened but it’s about to close. Those figures are really scary,” she said.

Fire alerts in the first ten days of November have nearly matched those reported in all of that month in 2021, Inpe data showed. The burning season in the Amazon, when rains subside, usually occurs between August and September.

Sources: 1,2,3,4,5,6,7

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